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VERTICAL CENTER NEXUS 510C-11
The NEXUS Vertical Machining Centers are built with more productivity-enhancing features than any other verticals in their class. This makes them an incredible value for shops large and small. Packed with 30 tools, a variety of workpieces can be machined without changing the tool setup. Our Mazatrol Matrix CNC control features the simplest, smartest conversational programming complete with monitoring and diagnostics.
INTEGREX IV Series
The INTEGREX Mark IV series represents a paradigm shift in machining. The series is the most widely used multi-tasking machine tool in the world, delivering unsurpassed flexibility and enhanced machining accuracy while finishing all machining processes – from raw material to finished workpieces – in a single setup. Done-In-One machining brings dramatic reductions in lead-time, allowing shops to be competitive on round parts with secondary operations, fully prismatic parts from solid or castings and sculptured parts such as aerospace components and molds.
MEGATURN NEXUS 900
1,250 rpm integrated motor main turning spindle that generates 2,696 ft. lbs, making it ideal for heavy duty cutting. The vertical turning center also features a 12-position drum turret for rapid tool indexing. The turret is rigidly clamped by 16.7 tons of force on a 12.99″ high-index coupling, allowing for high performance machining and intermittent cutting. The MTN900 also removes material at a rate of 58.6 in3/min, which is 1.4 times higher than comparable vertical turning lathes.
There are two main choices when it comes to metal cutting- laser cutting and plasma cutting. Both these methods have their own effective solutions for when the traditional methods of cutting do not work. Here is a detailed description of the methods of cutting to help you which is better.
- Plasma cutting- Plasma cutting was first used in early 1950s and is the oldest when compared to laser cutting. Plasma cutting is done by firing a gas, which is a mix of hydrogen and nitrogen and a little of other inert gases out of a nozzle on the metal. An electric arc is formed between the gas and metal which creates plasma and results in cutting of the metal. The high speeds at which the gases are released and pressure lead to cutting the metal. However plasma cutting works only on metal and not on any other material. A plasma cutting machine can be noisy and requires one to wear glasses at all time to avoid damage to the eyes. Plasma can cu metal materials with thickness ranging from 1mm to 80mm and can cut at the speed of 20 meters per minute.
- Laser cutting- Laser cutting machines use high-powered, computerized lasers with compressed air or nitrogen and oxygen. Laser cutting best works on thin metal sheet and has two types CO2 and fiber laser. CO2 lasers can work on other material other than metal such as wood, acrylics and glass. However it cannot work on reflective surfaces such copper, brass and aluminum. Lasers cannot be used for various other reasons too such as engraving, welding, drilling, etc. CO2 Laser is mostly used for engraving due to its incredible accuracy. Laser cutting is known for being quick, accurate and efficient and leaves a smooth edge after the cutting. Like plasma cutting, laser cutting cannot work on think surfaces and can work only surface with thickness up to 25mm.
Both these methods have their advantages and disadvantages when it comes to cutting metals. Laser cutting method is best known for its speed and accuracy whereas plasma cutting is known for cutting through all types of metals and metals with high thickness. When it comes to safety, plasma cutting is highly dangerous and requires several precautions to be taken before operating the machine. While laser is not as dangerous as plasma cutting and it can be used for cutting metals and wood. Laser cutting also leaves as smooth finish while plasma cutting finish is not as smooth. Laser cutting is also very energy efficient as it requires less energy in comparison to plasma cutting. Laser machines are also great at giving specific designs or for engraving.
Ever wondered how steel or any kind of metal is cut? Here are a few frequently and best used methods of cutting them.
Oxyfuel cutting-In this strategy for metal cutting, a torch is utilized to heat metal to fuel temperature. The stream of oxygen that is prepared on the metal reacts with the metal in a chemical process, oxidizing the steel and blowing it away to shape the cut. Heat is really a by-product of the process. Oxyfuel cutting is principally utilized for cutting mild steel in thicknesses from 3/8 in. to 12 in.
The technology isn’t viewed as practical for aluminium or stainless steel yet can be utilized for titanium. The technology has a vast heat-influenced zone when contrasted with the other metal cutting advances and isn’t as exact, ordinarily ± 0.0625 to ±0.125 in., however cautious process control can bring about significantly more fixed tolerance parameters.
Plasma cutting– When a gas is heated to a to a great degree high temperature, it ionizes. Now, the electrically conductive, ionized gas can be called plasma. At the point when a high-speed jet of plasma is conveyed to a metal workpiece, an electrical arc is conveyed with it. The heat of the arc melts the metal to be cut, and the stream of ionized gas overwhelms the molten metal. For this correlation, high-density plasma systems, otherwise called high-definition systems, were utilized.
This technology produces a vastly improved cut on metal in light of the fact that the most recent nozzle technology significantly tightens the arc to convey substantially more energy density. Plasma cutting can yield an assortment of cutting speeds and quality, contingent upon the material to be cut, the material thickness, the quality of the cut wanted, and the cutting rate required. The capacity to dial in the machine’s amperage, from 30 to 260, takes into consideration this flexibility.
Water jet cutting– Also called rapid erosion. Waterjet cutting depends on a high-pressure water pump to push water through a nozzle where the water is blended with an abrasive, for example, garnet or aluminium oxide. The mix of the jet of high-speed water and abrasives erodes the material at which the nozzle is pointed. Waterjet cutting bodes well for those shops that need to cut an assortment of substances, not simply metals. Waterjets can be utilized to cut material as differing as glass and rubber.
With regards to metals, waterjet cutting is well known in light of the fact that it produces a cut with no heat-influenced zone. The material isn’t mutilated around the cut, so a decent surface finish is the final product. A waterjet cutting machine can cut thin sheet metal effectively and up to 12 inches thick, if allowed. Clearly, as the waterjet cuts thicker material, tolerances drop while cutting circumstances faces an increment.
The capacity to make exact cuts is another appealing advantage of waterjet cutting. Fabricators can cut little parts with a tolerance ± 0.001 in. or on the other hand better and expansive parts with a tolerance of ±0.003 in. to ±0.005 in. The waterjet pump is at the core of the cutting system.
There are a lot of different types of metals, and each one of them requires a unique method when it comes to cutting. There are a lot of metal cutting techniques and when you choose a particular method for your project you need to make sure that your choice depends on the type of metal you are using, the level of precision and the intended usage. The below are some of the metal cutting techniques:
Using hand tools:
For cutting small and thin metals, you can use hand shears and hacksaws. If you happen to have a project where you will have to use malleable metals like the thinner gauge aluminium these hand cutting tools will be perfect. If you happen to have a project where you want to cut metals into small pieces, you might not want to use this method. You will end up applying more force and break the metal. You can also use a chisel to remove all the extra metal pieces and to shape the piece that you have cut.
If you happen to be working on larger projects which involves huge and robust metals you can consider using machine cutting for fine pieces of metal. If you want your finished metal pieces to be extremely smooth, you need to use a grinder which has a rotating blade that uses friction smoothen the surface of the metal until you achieve the desired shape you want for your project.
If you want to make perfect sharp cuts, the best option for you is to use a lathe. Lathe machines make extremely precise cuts and if you are particular about getting the shape you want you to need to use a lathe machine to get your desired shape. Lathe machine offers you the highest degree of precession, and you can use it to do your project.
Punch uses force to shape the metals. If you happen to have metals that are robust, you can use the Punch machine to cut your metals. A punch machine applies so much force, and it can bend any metal. The metals which are cut from the punch machine are quite productive.
You may never know the power of water. Now you can even cut your metals using water. When water is mixed with abrasive compounds and concentrated into one particular point with a high force, you will be able to cut the metal. You can use this method if your project uses metals which are sensitive to heat and other flammable gas.
Flame and Plasma:
Flame and plasma use flammable gas that cuts through the metal. You are basically using a hot burning torch to cut the metal into the desired shape and size. Plasma cutting methods are also very precise, and you can cut metals into minute pieces using this technique.
With many different types of metal cutting and sculpting machinery and tools out there, you’re probably wondering which one is the best fit for you. Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced blacksmith-inspired warrior or just want to learn more about everything you could use to amplify your craft and create wonderful pieces, these different types of metal cutting tools are sure to be helpful and turn your vision into the piece you want to create.
The tools and machinery that will amplify your metal cutting craft
Lathe – If you’re looking for your metal to be cut according to precision and a specific, perfect shape than be sure to make use of a lathe. This tool can only increase your productivity and will take your metal creations to the next level. It makes use of a sharp cutting tool that spins very fast in order to get the metal cut into its ideal shape.
Grinder – Although a grinder is considered a general and obvious steel-cutting tool, it is also considered one of the most important as it adds to the finishing of cutting steel and makes it extremely smooth. Its rotating blade can also be used to wear down the raw materials surface.
Laser Cutting – By the use of lasers that cut metal into flat sheets, as well as piping materials and add-ons, laser cutting technology has been taken to the next level when it comes to its many additional purposes than the traditional laser cutting. With technology improving every day, there are more and more designers and innovators that focus on creating the perfect tools for those who consider cutting steel, metal or any other mineral-type of material.
Laser cutting has also become more popular due to its demand in businesses all around the world. On the contrary to its traditional use, there have even been businesses created around the idea of what laser cutting can do as both a product or service. Some people have built a business by selling machinery or tools that allow for metal to be cut, safely and quickly, while others provide a service that will either cut, drill, bevel, bend or roll the metal for you and your new project.
Flame Cutting or Plasma Cutting
In order to cut metal precisely, you’ll have to make use of either plasma or flame cutting. This process involves a stream of flammable gas that gets pumped through torches which creates a hot flame. This tool then cuts metal by melting it. If you’d like a tool that has more precision, you could try plasma cutting.
Another amazing metal-cutting tool, a punch is great for cutting robust metals and is utilized as a mechanism that uses large amounts of pressure that pushes sharp blades into metal. A worthy investment.
The biggest thing to take into consideration is the fact that with every passing year, technology seems to change and improve which ultimately pushes the world forward in some sense.
Technology plays a major role in every part of our lives and continues to push us forward in many different facets. Even cutting steel.
Who would’ve thought that something that used to be so irrelevant to the technological world would become advanced and bought on a daily basis, to furthermore push the envelope of everything humans can do and create.
If some of the top retailers and brands all across the globe, sells us convenience every day of our lives, then we guess these top steel-cutters will make some sort of a difference to the average handy man’s or designer’s life.
The Best of 2018
3D Metal Printers
Even though 3D printing has been around for the past two decades, printing in 3D today has completely changed the meaning of the concept as a whole. Some only used to print in 3D due to their hobbies but today, people print for the purpose of design that contributes to working, architecture and art in general. Although 3D metal printing started out as expensive, technology has found its way to make it a lot cheaper, as well as faster to print.
These printers have sparked major controversy in the way we manufacture and create products as this method could easily be used to create practical products, minus the extreme price tags thereof. This will only be the case if widely adopted, however.
A what? As an ambitious goal, technology has yet again taken it one step further. A new project in Canada has to lead to changing the pattern of many failures by rethinking the traditional urban neighbourhood from planning to finish. The focus has shifted to planning these cities around digital technology that improves convenience even more than ever before. In collaboration with labs that are based in New York City, this high-tech project is set to help design and structure Toronto’s industrial waterfront.
One of the main goals of this project is to focus all decisions regarding policies, technologies and design on information that is derived from an impressive network of data. This network of data is focused on everything from noise levels in cities to the daily activities of life. This plan will turn vehicles into autonomous transportation and will allow for robots to roam underground and perform millennial chores. Run by Sidewalk Labs, the company claims it will allow for access to systems and software in order for companies to build services on top of these robots. The company will also be monitoring public infrastructure which has raised concerns about privacy and data governance.
One thing we humans must never forget is that technology can be wonderful but when misused for purposes like these, it could have a worse impact than what it could add to the world. Pretty cool though.
As a breakthrough in technology, that doesn’t even need eggs or sperm cells, scientists and researchers have found a way to create embryo-like structures from stem cells which provided an entirely new route of creating life. Now, while we’re on the edge of our seats thinking about just how this is possible, we’re not sure it’s a discovery for the best, but it is quite interesting at that. It includes the placement of cells carefully within a 3D scaffold and waits for it to communicate and line up into a distinctive bullet shape of an embryo of a mouse that is merely a few days old.
Cutting steel plate requires a lot of precision and expertise, doing it at home is still possible but the costs are extremely high. The costs are high because the tools required in cutting them are expensive. Talking about the tools required, you will need an angle grinder and an abrasive slicer, both require a lot of years to use properly. Please be aware that although this article tells you how to go about cutting a steel plate, it doesn’t advice you to do so unless you are a trained professional.
- It is important to have a strong foundation over which the steel plate can be placed. Most experts suggest that the use of plywood, since it is both sturdy and quite easy to obtain. Place the plywood on the floor and then place the steel plate over it.
- The first thing to do before cutting the steel plate is to mark the measurements accurately. For marking the steel plate, use soapstone on the exposed part of the steel. Make sure that the markings are visible and as mentioned before, as accurate as possible.
- It is important to make safety your number one priority, so before beginning to cut the steel; make sure to keep all inflammable products away and keep a fire-extinguisher close by to use in the case of an emergency.
- Wear protective goggles and gloves before using any of the equipment; it would be better if you used clothing to wear that can’t be easily melted. So having a pair of workshop trousers and a workshop shirt is a good idea.
- Attach the 4 ½-inch-diameter slicers to a 4 ½-inch angle grinder, and before proceeding wear a face shield; so that no harm occurs to you during the cutting process.
- Start the angle grinder and slowly place at the start of the soapstone mark and move it along its path. Ensure to keep going back and forth along the soapstone mark until the steel plate is severed. Do the whole process as slow as possible to score the surface. After the process has been completed, wait in the room for about 30 minutes to ensure that no safety hazard takes places.
- As a final step, use a file over the steel surface to remove irregular protrusions that may have occurred due to the abrasive nature of the slicer blade.
These steps will help you make curved and straight cuts on your steel plate.
Iron is the 4th largest available source in the crust of the earth. All metals are found along in raw form when they are extracted first and 90% of metals today are iron before they are refined. The iron that is available in the crust of the earth is very pivotal for the ecosystem that comprises of plants, animals, and human beings. Here we would love to bring to your notice that the words iron and steel are at times interchangeably used. However, they are not same. Iron is an element whereas steel is an alloy that comprises of iron and carbon. Iron takes the major portion of this alloy.
The purest form of iron is unobtainable as it is relatively soft and molding becomes tough. That is why it is used in other forms that alloys such as cast iron, steel, etc. When it comes to cast-iron and steel, most people believe that steel is stronger than cast iron, but the truth is the other way round. Cast iron is stronger than steel. So here we are going to see some of the techniques that are used in cutting iron.
Iron Cutting Techniques:
The technique that is employed to cut any metal depends on the output that is required. This concept goes for iron as well. So the following are the iron cutting techniques that are used to cut iron, let us begin with the latest version:
- By using machinery
- By using hand tools
- Laser Cutting:
Laser Cutting is relatively the latest method in cutting technology that is used to cut metal. The word laser is enough to explain the process that iron goes through. In laser method, there is a beam of light that passes through the metal and bifurcates the metal into pieces. So these light beams are at a heat that is beyond the melting point of the metal. So as soon as the light gets in contact with the surface of the metal, the metal surface is cut. Laser technique is applied when other conventional techniques fail to produce the desired results.
By using machinery:
The second method to cut iron is by using machinery. These are somewhere in between the laser technology and simple tools that are used to cut iron. This technique is further classified under the heads: Grinder, Lathe, Punch, Water Jet, Flame, and Plasma. Depending on how smooth the surface of the cut iron is expected, one among the above-stated methods is used to cut iron.
By using hand tools:
This is the simplest of all techniques that are used to cut. The technique of using hand tools to cut iron is used when the iron objects are relatively small. This is because when iron pieces are small using heavy machinery or laser techniques to cut them mush distort the whole iron since small pieces cannot take so much of pressure. So here hand tools like hand shears and hacksaws are used to cut iron.
As of 2015, official reports state that a total of 1599.5 million metric tonnes of steel were produced across the world. As per the financial reports produced by the leading companies, statistics reveal that China is the global leader as far as steel producing is concerned. Based on the tonnage that was produced in the financial year 2016 – 17 the following are the top 5 companies that rule the global market as far as steel manufacturing is concerned.
Top 5 Steel producing-companies:
ArcelorMittal is concerned as the global leader in Steel as per reports of both the years 2015 and 2016. Arcelor is a Luxembourg based company that was taken over by Mittal Steel in the year 2006, and since then it is recognized under the banner ArcelorMittal. This one banner alone is responsible for producing 10% of the total steel production that happens in the world. There are more than 1,90,000 employees employed in ArcelorMittal worldwide. They function in different countries, and the unit in China is considered as the largest producer. The net revenue of the company for the year 2016 is US$ 1.77 Billion.
Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation (NSSMC):
NSSMC is the second largest steel manufacturing company in the world. NSSMC is a result of the merger that took place between two major giants of the steel industry. They are Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Metal Corporation. The merger took place in the year 2012. A company came together barely four years ago are making wonders in the steel industry. Since 2012 there has always been an upward trend for the company both in the consumer market as well as stock market. The company is headquartered in Japan, and the net revenue of the company as of 2012 is US$ 37 Million.
HeSteel Group is also known as Hebei Iron and Steel Group which the third largest steel producer in the world. The company was founded in the year 2008 and is headquartered at Hebei, China. The company has risen to this position in a span of 9 years, which is quite notable. Though there was a dip in the year 2015, it still managed to get a position for itself in the top 3 steel producing companies across the globe.
Baosteel is also known as China Baowu Steel Group. It produces around 35 million tons annually and is the fourth largest producer of steel in the world. Baosteel merged with another company, Wuhan Iron and Steel Group in the year 2016. It is a public company run by the Chinese government. Since this is again a Chinese company, the dominance of the Chinese government in the steel industry has become inevitable. It has some bitter experiences in the Asian Market. However, the company showed an upward trend in places like Korea and other notable Arabian countries.
POSCO is again a steel manufacturing unit that is considered as the nest largest steel manufacturing companies across the globe. The term POSCO stands for Pohang Iron and Steel Company. It works with US Steel in joint venture type of ownership. POSCO is also listed as one among the Fortune 500 companies in the year 2012. It gives an output of 42 Million tonnes of steel.
Iron is one of the widely used and largely available materials on earth. There are a lot of ways in which iron is used in our everyday life. It is used extensively for various purposes in both the domestic and industrial sectors. However, iron cannot be used in the raw form, the way in which it is extracted from the earth. The purest form of iron is not malleable enough to be pressed, hammered and processed. Thereby iron ore has to go through a lot of stages. In such process, the iron ore is purified and made fit for usage by adding another element in the appropriate ratio.
Most of the metals that we use today are iron in their raw form. They are processed, and at different degrees, they turn into different metals. Since it is one of the hardest materials available in large quantities, they are used in large scale. Ancient Egyptians were the first people to use iron. Carbon is one of the most common elements that is combined with iron to make it a stronger metal.
Having gained the basic idea of how iron works as a metal, let’s get to know how they are industrially processed:
To make things more vivid let us start from the scratch.
1. Extraction and Purification:
Before processing the metal, there are two stages, the extraction, and purification. In the extraction process that the iron ore is extracted through mining using heavy that could penetrate the surface of the earth and extract the iron ore. The next stage id refining the iron ore that is extracted in most of the cases if the iron ore that is extracted is of good quality then the ore shall contain about 60% of useable iron. Different methods are available under the refining process such as magnetic separation, pelletizing, crushing and washing.
2. Manufacturing process:
- Charging the blast furnace:
As it is stated earlier, the iron ore has to go with another ore to make sure that is malleable and strong enough to be processed further. This can be done only by heating up the metals and processing them through the furnace machine. This is the basic process in any iron industry. The iron ore inside the furnace reacts with the carbon monoxide that is present inside, and the resultant products are pure iron and carbon dioxide.
- Removal of slag:
Once carbon reacts with iron the extract reaches the bottom of the furnace. The limestone that is present separates the impurities which are called slag. Since this slag is light-weighted, they remain at the surface level while the pure iron lies in the bottom level. Then the slag is separated and disposed of.
- Maintaining the blast furnace:
Once this process is over the pure iron that remains in the bottom of the furnace is removed and stored appropriately. It is very important that the furnace is taken proper care of. Samples are taken from the extracted iron and tested to ensure its strength and purity.
Then the purified iron is stored and processed again by reheating it according to the desired shape and structure.
In metallurgy, there is something called the turning process. This turning process is of the methods employed in cleaning the material that is placed in the turning machine. There is a swindle that is attached to the turning machine. It has the iron or the metal body and rotates at a speed where the impurities are removed. This is called turning process. So in simple words turning is a material removal process that is used in the iron and other relevant metal industries.
There are certain things that the turning process requires:
- Turning Machine: Turning machine or the lathe is the equipment that is used to clear the unwanted materials out of the way.
- Cutting tools and Fixture: Cutting tools and Fixtures are required in any manufacturing and industrial process
- Workpiece: Work Piece is the item on which you are going to work. The product or the metal that requires purification is called the ‘workpiece.’
Classification of turning machine:
The classification of the turning machine is based on the axis in which the swindle moves. So there are broadly two types the vertical type and the horizontal type.
Horizontal is further classified into
- Horizontal Compact
- Horizontal High-performance
- Horizontal Multi-tasking
- Horizontal Multi-axis
- Horizontal Twin swindle
Vertical has two types
- Vertical Ram Type
There is also another type of classification based on the work a turning machine is capable of doing.
- Automatic Lathe
- Semi-automatic lathe
- Manual Lathe
The types are self-explanatory. As their names suggest, if the machine carries out the work all by itself then it is called automatic lathe, if it can follow some process by itself and looks for your instruction and interference then it is known as semi-automatic. In most of the cases, semi-automatic is also considered as manual. However, in the earlier stages when lathe machines came into existence they were entirely operated manually. There was nothing called semi-automatic.
The process of the turning machine involves the following factors
Load and unload time: the workpiece that the machine works with is going to be heavy thereby there is going to be a separate time consumption for loading and unloading the machine.
Cut time: Cut time is the process that takes place inside the turning machine. The machine cuts and does away with all the unwanted elements stuck to the workpiece.
Idle time: Idle time is when the machine rests and doesn’t work. No matter what the machining process is, there involves some idle time.
Tool replacement time: there might be chances where the tool inside the machine requires replacement, and it has to be done to make sure that the work of the lathe is not interrupted. The time consumed here is called the tool replacement time.
Now it is not too difficult to comprehend what a turning center is. A place where all the above-stated process takes place is called the turning center. These turning centers are found in large numbers in sectors that are highly involved in iron or some other metal manufacturing activity.