The ways in which metal can be cut, are largely classified into 3 types, laser method, by using machinery or by using hand tools. Depending on how the expected outcome and the size of the metal that has to be cut, the method of cutting is used. Laser technology and usage of hand tools are methods that are used in extreme points. So using machinery to cut iron is the most widely and commonly used method to cut machinery.
Different products require different levels of smoothness of the surface. So depending on that different techniques are employed to cut the metals using machinery. The methods are as follows
- Grinder: This method is employed when the surface of the product needs to be extremely smooth. The surface of a rough iron mold is rough, so they choose to grind with an abrasive tool that will even out the surface and make it smooth
- Lathe and Punch: Lathe and Punch both aim at cutting the material into the desired shape but the techniques employed are different. While in lathe employs a sharp tool to carry out the process, in the punch method an extreme amount of pressure is applied to get the iron to a proper shape.
- Water jet: As the name self-suggests, plain water or water mixed with abrasive compound are gushed onto the surface of the iron at a pressure point that cut the metal into pieces.
- Flame and Plasma: There is not much of a difference between Flame and Plasma and Waterjet. In waterjet, water is used whereas in Flame, and Plasma flammable gas is used to cut the metal.
The Best 5 Metal cutters are listed below:
Oxy fuel is largely used in cases where the cutting process demands a high level of accuracy as in cutting metal pipes below the ground level. Under this method heat and gas is spewed at the right mixture to make the cutting process easier. Also the flame and as flow in cross-sections so that the gas and heat come out at the right flame
Though they aren’t as accurate as laser cutting, they are to great extent reliable depending on the thickness of the material that has to be cut. The Plasma Cutters are accurate to the extent to which simple measurements are required however the laser takes over when in-depth measurements that demand a maximum level of accuracy are required.
As stated earlier, if a job demands a high level of accuracy the only option that serves the purpose is laser cutting. Laser cutting is one among the advanced techniques that have proven to be highly useful as far as cutting metal are concerned. A beam of light that is no larger than a line is emitted out of these laser machines that cut the metal into pieces. The heat that accompanies the light is above the melting point of the metal.
Laser cutting is the major technology used in metal cutting. They are further classified into two:
CO2 Laser Cutters:
CO2 Laser Cutters include ‘Fastlacer’ technologies that increase the speed of cut, improved the plate capacity and cut quality range. The machine emits gas along with heat, and the light emitted matches the gas flow geometry.
Fibre Laser Cutters:
In Fibre Laser Cutters the cutters emit fiber optic rays, and these cutters are available in 12 different models. Also, the cutters come as single point laser cutters and multi-point laser cutters.